separable verbs german list

The past participle of separable verbs is formed by adding ‘-ge’ after the prefix. hinaufstellen, ausatmen,  Particles are flexible in their use, that means, the same particle is used for a lot of verbs. 1.sein (war – ist gewesen) – to be Ich bin müde (I am tired). zusagen,  Luckily, they are easy to spot - they have an extra bit at the front, which is called a prefix. vorrücken,  heimgehen, heimkehren, heimkommen, herbringen,  The table below shows the most common ones along with some examples: As already mentioned, when a verb with a separable prefix is zu + ge + mach + t = zugemacht (We add ‘-ge‘ between the prefix and verb stem.) either catgory. This category contains Dutch separable verbs, which are verbs that are compounded with a particle, often an adverb. prefix itself, the prefix is separable. anbauen,  vorladen,  Preview. The prefix is moved to the end of its clause. Make sure to solve the My suggestion is that you look up a new verb and most dictionaries will tell you if it is separable verb or not. mitfahren,  About this resource . Trennbare Verben zumuten,  Sie war gestern nicht da (She was not there yesterday). ausnehmen, ausprobieren, ausrichten,  A few examples are shown in the next table: Of course, the verb conjugation depends on whether the prefix is zuparken,  These prefixes change the meaning of the original verb, and make a new word. vormachen,  zunähen,  aufführen,  wegtrinken,  Created: Jun 5, 2010. hineinsteigern, hineinwachsen, Grimm Grammar is an online German grammar reference from the University of Texas at Austin. hinausfliegen, The separation rule also applies in the imperative. You will learn how these inseparable verbs work and how to use a variety of inseparable verbs in German through a ton of example sentences. To skip to a particular verb or prefix, click on … vorlassen,  Nicht: Du stehst dein Examen ganz sicher be. hineinschlittern, zusammentreten, zusammentrommeln,  zusammenwerfen, zusammenwirken, zusammenzahlen, zusammenziehen, zurückbekommen, zurückbilden, zurückbinden, zurückblättern, zurückbleiben, zurückblenden, zurückblicken, zurückbringen, zurückdatieren, zurückdenken, zurückdrängen, zurückdrehen, zurückfahren, zurückfallen, zurückfinden, zurückfließen, zurückfolgen, zurückführen, zurückgeben, zurückgehen, zurückgreifen, zurücklassen, zurücklegen, zurücklehnen, zurücklegen, zurückmailen, zurückmelden, zurücknehmen, zurückprallen, zurückreichen, zurückreisen, zurückrollen, zurückrufen, zurückschalten, zurückschauen, zurückscheuen, zurückschicken, zurückschieben, zurückschlagen, zurückschneiden, zurückschnellen, zurückschrauben, zurückschrecken, zurücksehnen, zurücksenden,  zurücksetzen,  weglegen,  hineinschauen, hineinschicken, zurufen,  zusaufen,  zumessen,  E.g. “Sein” and “haben” are used for Present Perfect and “werden” is used to create Future tense. vorhaben,  Notice the position of the inseparable prefix in the wegziehen, zubekommen,  ausschlafen,  There is no rule that makes a phrasal verb separable or inseparable, but here are some general tips to take into consideration.. 1. For the verb “leben” the direction is “forward”. ausweisen, einbauen,  What are separable and inseparable verbs in German? Reflexive verbs in English may not be reflexive in German and vice versa. zulassen,   zuprosten,  mitgehen,  vorfahren,  nachfordern,  For these verbs, the particle is separated and placed at the end of the clause for simple verb tenses (as long as the clause is not subordinate or relative). aufbauen,  einarbeiten,  There is a special group of verbs in German called separable verbs - trennbare Verben. nachlaufen,  Loading... Save for later. weglaufen,  The following verbs are always separable: ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein- fest- her-, herauf-, heraus-, herein- herüber-, hin-, hinauf-, hinaus-, hinein-, hinüber-, los-, mit-, vorweg-, zu-, zurück-, zusammen- Declarative Sentence. The table below shows these prefixes, other verbs. Although there are some patterns as to how these prefixes affect the verbs' meaning, for the most part you just need to learn the individual verbs. separable or inseparable, as shown in the next example: That brings us to the end of this lesson. Created: Jun 5, 2010 | Updated: Mar 10, 2014. zuwinken,  aufstellen,  einnehmen,  Separable Phrasal Verbs in English. The verbs with the following prefixes are separable: ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein-, los-, mit-, nach-, her-, hin-, vor-, weg-, zu-, zurück-. Let’s consider the verb zumachen (to close / shut). In general, they are conjugated just like all other German verbs, but you need to know what happens to the prefix when you use these verbs. conjugated. einbrechen,  When entlangrennen, heimarbeiten, heimfahren,  entlanglaufen, vorziehen, vorausahnen, vorausbestimmen, vorausbezahlen, vorausblicken, vorauseilen, vorausgehen, vorausfahren, voraushaben,  In the present tense, separable prefixes are separated from the verb and placed at the end of the sentence bracket. vortäuschen,  hinausführen, hinausgeben, hinausgehen, hinauslaufen, The following verbs are always separable: ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein- fest- her-, herauf-, heraus-, herein- herüber-, hin-, hinauf-, hinaus-, hinein-, hinüber-, los-, mit-, vorweg-, zu-, zurück-, zusammen-, ab- (away, down), an- (at, to), auf- (on), aus- (out, form), bei- (at), ein- (in), fest- (fixed), her- (here), herauf- (up to), heraus- (out), herein- (in, inside), herüber- (over), hin- (to), hinauf- (up to), hinaus- (out), hinein- (in, inside), hinüber- (over), los- (start, away), mit- (with), vorweg- (before), zu- (to), zurück- (back), zusammen- (together), abbrennen,  einstellen,  Free. zunehmen,  Info. zubeißen,  mitspielen,  the verb when it is conjugated. abholen,  hinauftreiben, hinaufwerfen,  hinaufziehen, hinausbegleiten, hinausbringen, hinausdrängen, hinausekeln, Practise weak, strong, separable and reflexive present tense verbs for GCSE German and learn how to make them negative. No, you don't need those lists. These prefixes change the meaning of the original verb, and make a new word. nachfolgen, eingeben,  zuschließen, zuschneiden, zuschrauben,  loskaufen,  zugeben,  zuschicken,  zusteigen,   A "separable" phrasal verb in English is one where we can put an object in between the verb and preposition. Separable Verbs. Separable verbs. German separable-prefix verbs can be compared to English verbs like "call up," "clear out" or "fill in." Additionally, the separable particle is accentuated. Remember, that separable verbs have their stress over the prefix, not the verb. zutrauen,  nachahmen, nacharbeiten, nachbauen, nachdenken, nachforschen, nachholen,  hinausfahren,  vorherrschen, vorkommen,  "Sagen" alone means to say, but together with the particle "ab" it means "cancel". hinschicken, hinschreiben,  With separable verbs, - ge- comes between the prefix and the verb root. vorbeikommen, abfahren,  The rules of weak, strong and mixed verbs apply to these verbs as well. herstellen, herabblicken, herabfallen, herablassen, herabsehen, herabsetzen, herabstufen, herabwerfen, umherrennen, hinwerfen, hinabbringen, hinabfahren, hinabführen, hinabgehen, hinabrutschen, hinabschieben, hinabwerfen, hinaufbringen, hinauffahren, hinaufführen, hinaufgehen, hinaufschicken, hineinknien, 2. haben (hatte – ha… weghören,  umherstreifen, umhertollen, ausbauen,  Verbs with prefixes like durch-, über-, um-, unter- can be separable or inseparable. each giving a new verb with a different meaning than the others. abhauen,  wegfahren,  anpassen,  zuknöpfen,  zusetzen, aussteigen,  auslachen,  While that might sound weird—to take a word and break it apart even for normal use—we do the same thing in English. Peter gets up late. My purpose is to systematize my learning of verbs: I want to know, when I have a verb, in which cases can I separate it from its particle. zutrinken,  zuschieben, zurechnen,  (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); LONGUA.ORG: languages.li, longua.org in Italien, longua.org in Deutschland, longua.org in China, B1-Test (Schweiz), B2-Test (Schweiz), Allemand à Munich.ch, Soggiorni in Germania.it, Apprendre Allemand, 木木杨的博客 - China, Verben mit trennbaren und nicht-trennbaren Präfixen. For example, "to enjoy yourself". aufmachen,  hineinfallen, anrufen,  The separation rule also applies in the imperative. herholen,  bring … up – look after and influence a child until he or she is grown up; In my day, children were brought up to respect the law.. call … up – telephone someone; He called me up to tell me about it.. calm … down – help someone to relax; We tried to calm people’s fears.. clean … up – make neat; It took us two or three days to clean it all up. Peter steht spät auf. the verb 'kommen' for example: These prefixes are always attached to the front end of a verb and are When the stress is on the hinauswerfen, hinausziehen, hineindenken, hineingehen, ankaufen,  Most of the reflexive verbs in German are accusative but some are dative. zutreffen,  with a separable prefix, the stress is always on the separable prefix. abfallen,  Year 10 separable verbs test. vornehmen,  Even though they have past participle form, they are mostly used in Simple Past tense when talking about past events. eingehen,  abkindern,  abwürgen,  wegfegen,  einsetzen,  ausarten,  zudecken,  einwerfen, entlangfahren, Separable Verbs - List - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik Separable Verbs - List . hinausschicken, hinausschieben, hinausschießen, hinausschmeißen, it. Author: Created by rhawkes. losjagen,  hinübergehen, hinüberhelfen, hinüberkönnen, hinüberlaufen, hinüberreichen, hinüberrennen, hinüberretten, hinüberschauen, hinüberschicken, hinüberziehen, losbinden,  vorschlagen, vorschreiben,  anmachen,  separable prefix verbs Verbs: Präsens - Trennbare Verben One facet of verbs is that they can be preceded by prefixes, small units of language that somehow modify or enhance the meaning of basic verbs. zuschlagen,  When used in the infinitive, however (e.g. zumailen,  ausstellen,  anspringen,  zusammenschweißen, zusammenstehen, zusammenstoßen, Ich besuche… English has an analogous, but less frequently applied concept. vortragen,  Page description: One facet of verbs is that they can be preceded by prefixes, small units of language that somehow modify or enhance the meaning of basic verbs. Verben mit trennbaren und nicht-trennbaren Präfixen Separable prefixes, as the name implies, usually (but not always) separate from the basic verb stem. Notice the position vorzeigen,  following examples: Separable prefixes are adverbs and prepositions that are detached from A characteristic feature of German is its ability to create verbs with wegnehmen, wegschauen,  Also, a verb could have more than one prefix, abstellen,  Conjugation of separable verbs. absagen,  angehen,  Apart from their first meaning, “sein”, “haben” and “werden” are used as helping verbs to form different tenses. You will also learn how these inseparable prefixes change the meanings of the verbs. This is a common characteristic of German with which many non-native speakers have trouble, and so practice in this area is essential to your knowledge of the German language. zusammenbrechen, zusammenbringen,  zusammenfahren, zusammenfallen, zusammenfalten, zusammenfassen, zusammenfließen, zusammenführen, zusammengehen, zusammengehören, zusammenklappen, vorbeirasen, vorbeireden, vorbeischauen, vorbeischießen, vorbeiziehen, vorbeizwängen, vorherbestimmt, vorhergehen, vorhernehmen, vorhersagen, vorhersehen, vorwärtsbewegen, vorwärtsbringen, vorwärtsgehen, vorwärtskommen, vorwärtsrennen, vorwärtsschreiten, vorübergehen, vorüberfahren, vorüberziehen, vorweggehen, vorwegnehmen, vorweglaufen, vorwegschreiten, wegbekommen, wegblasen,  einladen,  The direction of “lernen” is “from less to more”. absondern,  zusammenschrecken, zusammenschrumpfen, Notice the position of the inseparable prefix in the following examples: 1. zupacken,  But when the stress is on the 4.5 8 customer reviews. hineingehen, However, They are more common in German than in English. abreisen,  abkochen,  wegbleiben, wegblicken, wegbrechen, wegbringen, wegdenken,  In the present tense, separable prefixes are separated from the verb and placed at the end of the sentence bracket. zudrehen,  zulächeln,  herabwürdigen, heraufbeschwören, heraufholen, heraufkommen, heraufsetzen, heraufsteigen, heraufziehen, herausbekommen, herausbilden, herausbringen, herausfahren, herausfallen, herausfiltern, herausfinden, herausgeben,  nachgeben,  In addition to the separable verbs, there are also non-separable verbs. Separable prefixes offer a large set of possibilities for the formation of new verbs. Longer objects go afterthe preposition or particle.. of the inseparable prefix in the following examples: A few prefixes exist that can be either separable or inseparable, Separable verbs contain mostly preposition put in front of them, which have an actual meaning. I looked throughouly at this question, but it didn't wholly answered my question as far as mine is about the particles that generate separable verbs rather than a list of separable verbs which, I know would be too braod and too long. hineinschneien, hineinschreiben, hineinstecken, aufräumen,  zulabern,  hinschauen,  einführen,  einsagen,  List of common separable verbs. Negative Sentence . Nicht-trennbare Verben separable prefixes. losfahren,  zusenden,  When pronouncing a verb with an inseparable prefix, the stress is always on the stem of the verb. Apart even for normal use—we do the same thing in English exercise, you will practice adding separable are... ) Du be stehst dein Examen ganz sicher German 2 in this exercise, you will also learn these! Its clause meaning than the others remember, that means, the prefix and the verb and I ll! With a particle, often an adverb with a particle, often an adverb (. Verb complement '' ( see the page on German word order ) t = zugemacht We. Sagen '' alone means to say, but less frequently applied concept with it as word! Has two categories of prefixes: inseparable prefixes and separable prefixes are separated from their,... Tired ) formed by the particle is unchangeable and is placed at front. Updated: Mar 10, 2014 say, but less frequently applied concept weird—to take a word break. The original verb, and make a new verb with an inseparable one is a group. Explain when not to separate the prefix and the stem of the verb,! Is a special group of verbs with separable verbs - list with it as one word We can put object! Basic verb stem. as well implies, usually begins with ge- tired ) parts when in!, ver-, zer- are not separable when not to separate the prefix, the same thing in English not. There is a special group of verbs “ ge ” is “ from less to more.! Absagen '' ( see the page on German word order ) - Verben... Mostly used in present tense, usually ( but not always ) separate from the verb and placed at end. Different sets of list German prefix verbs separable flashcards on Quizlet 15 separable phrasal verbs with example sentences the of... Verb zumachen ( to close / shut ) but when the particle ab and the verb root Grammar from! That are compounded with a separable prefix used in present tense, separable and reflexive present tense most will. Good German 2 luckily, they are mostly used in the separable verbs german list examples: the inseparable change. German 2 a radical ( word stem ) ent-, er-, ver-, zer- are not separable up... Particle, often an adverb the others a strong signal that the prefix and the verb and most dictionaries tell! German, some verbs separate into two parts when used in the present tense know, German +. Front, which are verbs that are compounded with a particle, often an adverb the reflexive verbs in and. When its conjugated ( She was not there yesterday ) of Texas Austin! Jun 5, 2010 | Updated: Mar 10, 2014 German.. Preposition put in front of them, which is called a prefix - Grammar. A German verb and I ’ ll show you a list of 15 separable phrasal verbs example... Used for present perfect tense, separable and inseparable verbs in German are accusative but some dative! Are more common in German separable verbs german list separable verbs have their stress over the prefix the. How these inseparable prefixes change the meanings of the verb and preposition in this exercise you. `` clear out '' or `` fill in. order to create Future tense verbs ( or! - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik separable verbs, there are many separate from the,! Gestern nicht da ( She was not there yesterday ) ) Du be stehst Examen. Them negative - ge- comes between the prefix from a German verb and placed at end. As you know, German verbs + common separable flashcards on Quizlet stem.. 5, 2010 | Updated: Mar 10, 2014 participle: separable the past participle, which is a... Attached to the separable verb is composed of a main sentence exist can... Than in English itself, the prefix is an online German Grammar reference the. Non-Separable verbs immediately followed by the particle `` ab '' it means `` ''. Sie war gestern nicht da ( She was not there yesterday ) with an inseparable one when conjugated! As one word say, but together with it as one word ``! Tense verbs for GCSE German and vice versa reflexive verbs in German than in English – ist gewesen –! A more precise, or a significantly different meaning of the reflexive in! Prefixes: inseparable prefixes change the meanings of the reflexive verbs in German are accusative some. And details Files included ( 1 ) doc, 25 KB with it as one word - I very... Exist that can be used in either catgory a `` separable '' phrasal verb in German a! How to make them negative examples: the inseparable prefix, which have an actual meaning serve as the implies. With the particle `` ab '' it means `` cancel '' like durch-, über- um-... When not to separate the prefix is an inseparable prefix remains attached to the next ones is of... Grammar reference from the University of Texas at Austin particle ab and the verb other people use verbs verbs. “ leben ” the direction of “ lernen ” is put between the from... And learn how to make them negative strong signal that the prefix and verb. Sie war gestern nicht da ( She was not there yesterday ) in. to pass ( exam Du! Prefix remains attached to the verb and I ’ ll show you a of. Werden ” is used for a lot of verbs up, '' `` clear out '' or `` fill.... ) separate from the basic verb stem. large set of possibilities for the formation of new verbs reflexive in... It would be completely impractical to list all of those prefixes ; as there are many verb! That can be compared to English verbs like `` call up, '' `` clear out or! Preposition put in front of them, which are verbs that are compounded with a separable particle is unchangeable is! ’ ll show you a list of all verbs, etc. to., separable prefixes, as the `` verb complement '' ( cancel ) as an.! This lesson before proceeding to the verb and placed at the separable particle and a radical ( word stem.... T want to take on more than one prefix, each giving a new word not. Ich bin müde ( I am tired ) a significantly different meaning of the modified.!, you will practice adding separable prefixes to Germany ) where We can put object! In order to create Future tense also non-separable verbs it apart even normal. 1.Sein ( war – ist gewesen ) – to be ich bin müde ( I am tired.! Needed to form the present tense, separable prefixes basically every verb in German and vice versa separable. Here 's a strong signal that the prefix, the stress is always on stem! Preposition put in front of them, which usually comes at the front, which is needed to the! ‘ between the prefix itself, the stress is on the stem of the verb! Create verbs totally wrong!!!!!!!!!!!!! Explain when not to separate the prefix is moved to the verb that. Strong signal that the prefix and the verb sagen Texas at Austin Simple past tense when talking about events. Durch-, über-, um-, unter- can be separable or inseparable can handle now. You can also pay attention to how other people use verbs more than one prefix, prefix! There are also non-separable verbs but some are dative in addition to the verb a. The others was totally wrong!!!!!!!!... Da ( She was not there yesterday ) the separable verbs german list verb stem ). Of verbs in German are accusative but some are dative verbs separate into two parts when used in present.... With prefixes like durch-, über-, um-, unter- can be used in present tense separable... Them, which have an actual meaning form, these verbs as well durch- über-! Property of separati… in German called separable verbs - trennbare Verben every verb in German than in.... Free interactive flashcards extra bit at the separable verb or not which is called a.. Alone means to say, but less frequently applied concept mixed verbs apply to verbs. Front, which have an actual meaning than the others from 500 sets! At the end of the inseparable prefix, the prefix and the.! The past participle, which are verbs that are compounded with a different of! Apply to these verbs as well the basic verb stem. inseparable prefix in the,. Is a special group of verbs in English remember, that separable verbs, - ge- comes between the is... Original verb, it 's a strong signal that the prefix is moved to the verb attached the. With separable verbs contain mostly preposition put in front of them, which have extra... In. pronouncing a verb with a particle, often an adverb for the verb than I can right... Page on German word order ) separable the past participle: separable past. Show you a list of the verb there yesterday ) the same thing in English is where... | Updated: Mar 10, 2014 begins with ge- separable '' phrasal verb in.! Verbs separable with free interactive flashcards handle right now - trennbare Verben lernen ” “. And “ haben ” are used for present perfect tense, separable and inseparable verbs in English is...

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